DSpace 7

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Recent Submissions

Perspective and development challenges of ecological agriculture in the Republic of Moldova
(2023) Popa, Viorica; Tirigan, Sergiu; Filimon, Oleg
The sustainability of the agricultural system has become a concern in the Republic of Moldova, a country with one of the highest rates in Europe of the share of agricultural land in total and of the role of the sector in the economy and external trade balance. Although the agricultural sector of the country registered important growth and potential based on the application of green revolution technology, the adverse impact on the environment, erosion of natural resources, and vulnerability to climate represent a challenge that is affecting the country's social and economic development perspectives. Organic agriculture plays an important role in the extension of the application and promotion of sustainable production practices, and the extension of this production scheme is a determinant for the achievement of the sustainable development objectives of the agricultural sector of the country. The study explores factors that are limiting and factors that are facilitating the development of the organic food sector in the Republic of Moldova. Comparative qualitative analyses covering EU and Moldova are summarized into analyses of co-variation between policies, regulations, institutional setup and organic sector development trends, focusing on the determination of the key milestones and driven factors. The authors also used a qualitative approach based on focus group interviews with agriculture producers, mostly focused on organic producers or producers who are evaluating the opportunities to initiate conversion to organic agriculture, to evaluate the factors influencing farmers' willingness and limiting factors from their perspective. This study was developed within the framework of Subprogram 030101 „Strengthening the resilience, competitiveness, and sustainability of the economy of the Republic of Moldova in the context of the accession process to the European Union”, institutional funding.
International Experience of Environmental Taxes and Its Implications for the Republic of Moldova
(2023) Timus, Angela; Chironachi, Corina
Thеrе is a growing trend towards a grееn еconomy duе to incrеasing еnvironmеntal and climatе risks. As a rеsult, countriеs arе forcеd to dеvеlop fiscal policiеs that takе into account thе climatе agеnda. This papеr analyzеs how diffеrеnt countriеs implеmеnt еnvironmеntal taxеs to guidе thе dеvеlopmеnt and improvеmеnt of thе еnvironmеntal tax systеm in thе Rеpublic of Moldova. Thе papеr еxaminеs thе main catеgoriеs of еnvironmеntal taxеs in diffеrеnt countriеs, analyzеs thе еconomic impact of еnvironmеntal protеction basеd on forеign еxpеriеncе, and еxplorеs potеntial approachеs to еnvironmеntal tax rеform in thе Rеpublic of Moldova.
Economic and technological aspects regarding the cultivation of blueberries in the conditions of the Republic of Moldova
(USAMV, 2023) Turetchi, Viorel; Turetchi, Tatiana
Cultivation of blueberries is an entrepreneurial activity recently approached by local farmers, a business with a fairly high economic potential. The nutritional and economic value of this crop fuels an active interest for both consumers and local producers. However, blueberry cultivation represents a risky challenge for potential domestic producers. This fact is conditioned, mainly, by the local natural factors that are unsuitable for the development and fruiting of the blueberry, respectively, for the creation of conditions similar to the natural habitat of the blueberry, considerable investments are required. The aim of the paper is to present a series of calculations proving that blueberry cultivation represents a profitable business in Moldova. The used methodology is based on comparative, analytical methods, and financial indicators that prove the business profitability. With a thorough elaboration of the whole business process, with all the calculations and analysis of the estimated results, as well as the exact forecasting of the risks and the impact, the cultivation and production of blueberries in the conditions of our country can become a successful business.
The interconnection model between the Republic of Moldova's food security and its agricultural products export
(USAMV, 2023) Stratan, Alexandru; Lopotenco, Viorica; Lucasenco, Eugenia
The main objective of this study is to analyze the food security resilience of the Republic of Moldova. For this reason, it is essential to establish the interconnections between food security and foreign trade of the Republic of Moldova in the actual circumstances on the external market. On the one hand, agricultural economic agents faced the loss of traditional export markets. The most vulnerable category in this regard is 08. Edible fruits and nuts; peels of citrus fruits or melons, which in 2021 constituted 7.40% of the total exports. About 52.15% of the export of this category was directed in 2021 in Russian Federation. On the other hand, the increase in the prices of agri-food products has intensified the risks of excessive growth of exports and their potential insufficiency for consumption on the domestic market. In conclusion, it is highlighted that the situation in the region of our country generates vulnerabilities with a substantial impact on food security.
Greening policies for the agricultural sector of the Republic of Moldova: current situation and future perspectives
(USAMV, 2023) Stratan, Alexandru; Ceban, Alexandru; Lucasenco, Eugenia
Agricultural sector of the Republic of Moldova is currently facing a series of challenges, an important part of them being related to the greening of the sector. The existing public support schemes for greening agriculture are more related to mitigation of the climate change effects, with less focus on preserving the environment, and their share in the total public support is relatively low. The paper aims to analyze the existing public support schemes related to climate change adaptation and greening of sector and provide a series of recommendations for their improvement. In order to achieve the main aim of the paper, the following scientific methods have been used: generalization of empirical and applied material, induction and deduction methods for making the paper conclusions, comparison method and analytical one. In order to be in line with current greening EU policies, Republic of Moldova must adapt some of its public support schemes for the agricultural sector and pay more attention to development of a coordinative mechanism and advice services.